How it is caused: Essentially, this is a malfunction of the keratinization process of the scalp-a speeding up of the process. The cells can't shed from the scalp in small invisible particles but rather in larger clusters we call dandruff. Some causes are genetics, harsh chemical treatments, aggressive shampoos, extreme climate conditions, dry scalp (the dandruff is dust-like) and oily scalp (the dandruff flakes are larger with an oily feel),
How it is treated: The first step is always cleansing with a targeted shampoo. A tailor-made calming toner applied daily helps to normalize the hectic keratinization rhythm. If a targeted shampoo and toner don't quite do the trick, have your Aestelance Specialist give you some intensive in-salon scalp treatments which you can then complement with your home care.